There are places that in some days would face tornadoes with winds under 100 mph strength resulting to flying debris that would threaten the safety of the people, so to provide life safety features from these natural calamities, a tornado room is designed and engineered to a strict standards of ICC 500 and FEMA P-361.
It is observed that tornadoes are more common in the United States compared to any other countries. The fact is that there are four times more tornadoes in the United States than all of Europe. Be informed too that the intensity, strength, frequency and amounts of reported tornadoes have increased over the years.
As severe weather event happens, there is now more likely for more tornadoes to occur with higher winds for these stronger tornadoes. Thus it is observed that there is an increase of devastating costs and tragedies and damage and loss of life would accompany whenever winds of over 200 mph of multiple tornadoes would occur. In answer to these events, the International Code Council and the National Storm Shelter association created the first Standard for the Design and Construction of Storm Shelters and safe rooms. As a result, a built-in tornado room is designed to increase in schools, tornado safe rooms and buildings.
There are several reasons why a building has to have a tornado safe room. It is typical for a house to be built withstanding around 70 mph winds, and note that a tornado with around 70 mph winds would create damage and possible loss of lives, especially if your place or location is prone to hurricanes and tornadoes.
The wind speed of one of the most devastating tornadoes on record had a wind speed of 318 mph, which not caused safety concerns and damage, but also created flying projectiles that are deadly, and also created positive and negative wind pressure. With winds at those speeds, flying debris penetrated metals, roofs were lifted off, and buildings were separated from their foundations.
Codes are thus created by associations and agencies as a result of the many destructions in areas that are prone to severe tornadoes and hurricanes, encouraging communities to build their homes under ICC 500 building code. Successfully accounted are numerous lives saved in buildings that either have a tornado room or a storm room.
A tornado room would involve building sturdier walls, roof structures, and tornado safe room doors. Further, the building must have roofs that can transfer wind loads to the walls and the walls to the ground or foundation.
Know that there are companies that is famous for the security and design of tornado room. You can then have safe room doors that are hidden above your ceiling with the sleek construction of this firm, resulting to a more open and airy design.
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